Lean Manufacturing and Supply Chain Performance

Lean Supply Chain



  • Sarang Abdullah


Lean production, Technology, Integration, Modern technology, Organizational performance, Fertilizer industry


This researcher aimed to identify the relationship between lean production, modern technology, technology integration, and supply chain performance. A quantitative approach was adopted for this study with a multi-item measurement scale adapted from previous studies to collect primary data—a total of 100 responses were collected. Descriptive analysis, along with the correlation examination, was utilized to test the hypothesis. It was observed that hypotheses H1 and H2 were supported, whereas hypothesis H3 was rejected. The findings from the analysis identified that there is a significant relationship between lean manufacturing on the performance of the supply chain in the fertilizer industry. It is found that lean manufacturing can efficiently overcome supply chain challenges and improve efficiency, leading to improved overall performance. Further, the technology integration in SCM processes must be studied and analyzed. The businesses are recommended to develop further strategies to integrate technology into the SCM process and improve productivity and performance.


Abisourour, J., Hachkar, M., Mounir, B., & Farchi, A. (2020). Methodology for integrated management system improvement: combining costs deployment and value stream mapping. International Journal of Production Research, 58(12), 3667-3685. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2019.1633482

Agha, A. A., Rashid, A., Rasheed, R., Khan, S., & Khan, U. (2021). Antecedents of Customer Loyalty at Telecomm Sector. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(9), 1352-1374.

Agrawal, V., Agrawal, A., & Mohanty, R. (2017). Application of fuzzy MCDM in supplier selection of fertilizer manufacturing industry. International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling, 9(2), 133-159. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJBPSCM.2017.085492

Agus, A., & Hajinoor, M. (2012). Lean production supply chain management as driver towards enhancing product quality and business performance: Case study of manufacturing companies in Malaysia. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 29(1), 92-121. https://doi.org/10.1108/02656711211190891

Alam, M. (2022). Supply Chain Management Practices and Organizational Performance in Manufacturing Industry. South Asian Journal of Social Review, 1(1), 42-52. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJSR.2022.1.1.2204

Ali, S. B. (2022). Industrial Revolution 4.0 and Supply Chain Digitization. South Asian Journal of Social Review, 1(1), 21-41. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJSR.2022.1.1.2205

Alrazehi, H. A. A. W., Amirah, N. A., Emam, A. S., & Hashmi, A. R. (2021). Proposed model for entrepreneurship, organizational culture and job satisfaction towards organizational performance in International Bank of Yemen. International Journal of Management and Human Science, 5(1), 1-9.

Amjad, S. (2022). Role of Logistical Practices in Quality Service Delivery at Supermarkets: A Case Study from Pakistan. South Asian Journal of Operations and Logistics, 1(1), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJOL.2022.1.1.2204

Anwar, M. F. A. (2022). The Influence of Inter-Organizational System Use and Supply Chain Capabilities on Supply Chain Performance. South Asian Journal of Operations and Logistics, 1(1), 20-38. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJOL.2022.1.1.2203

Asif, K. (2022). The Impact of Procurement Strategies on Supply Chain Sustainability in the Pharmaceutical Industry. South Asian Journal of Social Review, 1(1), 53-64. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJSR.2022.1.1.2203

Avadí, A., Hodomihou, N., Amadji, G., & Feder, F. (2021). LCA and nutritional assessment of southern Benin market vegetable gardening across the production continuum. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 1(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-021-01977-z

Ayaz, J. (2022). Relationship between Green Supply Chain Management, Supply Chain Quality Integration, and Environmental Performance. South Asian Management Review, 1(1), 22-38. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAMR.2022.1.1.2203

Baloch, N. & Rashid, A. (2022). Supply Chain Networks, Complexity, and Optimization in Developing Economies: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis. South Asian Journal of Operations and Logistics, 1(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJOL.2022.1.1.2202

Basit, A. (2022). The Influence of Green Supply Chain Management on Sustainable Performance. South Asian Management Review, 1(1), 49-66. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAMR.2022.1.1.2206

Coyle, J., Langley, C., Novack, R., & Gibson, B. (2016). Supply Chain Management: A Logistics Perspective. Boston, Massachusetts: Cengage.

Das, S., Ghani, M., Rashid, A., Rasheed, R., Manthar, S., & Ahmed, S. (2021). How customer satisfaction and loyalty can be affected by employee's perceived emotional competence: The mediating role of rapport. International Journal of Management, 12(3), 1268-1277. DOI: 10.34218/IJM.12.3.2021.119

Devaraj, S., Krajewski, L., & Wei, J. (2007). Impact of eBusiness technologies on operational performance: the role of production information integration in the supply chain. Journal of operations management, 25(6), 1199-1216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2007.01.002

Gunasekaran, A., Patel, C., & McGaughey, R. (2004). A framework for supply chain performance measurement. International Journal of Production Economics, 87(3), 333-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2003.08.003

Gunasekaran, A., Patel, C., & Tirtiroglu, E. (2001). Performance measure and metrics in a supply chain environment. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(1/2), 71-87. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570110358468

Haque, I., Rashid, A., & Ahmed, S. Z. (2021). The Role of Automobile Sector in Global Business: Case of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of International Affairs. 4(2), 363-383. https://doi.org/10.52337/pjia.v4i2.195

Hashmi, A. R., & Mohd, A. T. (2020). The effect of disruptive factors on inventory control as a mediator and organizational performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Policy, 9(2), 122-134. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.26.2020.92.122.134

Hashmi, A. R., Amirah, N. A., & Yusof, Y. (2020a). Organizational performance with disruptive factors and inventory control as a mediator in public healthcare of Punjab, Pakistan. Management Science Letters, 11(1), 77-86. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.8.028

Hashmi, A. R., Amirah, N. A., & Yusof, Y. (2020b). Mediating effect of integrated systems on the relationship between supply chain management practices and public healthcare performance: Structural Equation Modeling. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 9(3), 148-160. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.11.2020.93.148.160

Hashmi, A. R., Amirah, N. A., Yusof, Y., & Zaliha, T. N. (2020c). Exploring the dimensions using exploratory factor analysis of disruptive factors and inventory control. The Economics and Finance Letters, 7(2), 247-254. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.29.2020.72.247.254

Hashmi, A. R., Amirah, N. A., Yusof, Y., & Zaliha, T. N. (2021). Mediation of inventory control practices in proficiency and organizational performance: State-funded hospital perspective. Uncertain Supply Chain Management. 9(1), 89-98. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.uscm.2020.11.006

Hunaid, M., Bhurgri, A. A., & Shaikh, A. (2022). Supply Chain Visibility in Leading Organizations of the Shipping Industry. South Asian Journal of Social Review, 1(1), 8-20. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJSR.2022.1.1.2202

Huq, F., Chowdhury, I., & Klassen, R. (2016). Social management capabilities of multinational buying firms and their emerging market suppliers: an exploratory study of the clothing industry. Journal of Operations Management, 46, 19-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2016.07.005

Jorgensen, A., & Knudsen, J. (2006). Sustainable competitiveness in global value chains: how do small Danish firms behave? Corporate Governance, 5(9), 449-462. https://doi.org/10.1108/14720700610689568

Khan, S. K., Ahmed, S., & Rashid, A. (2021). Influence of social media on purchase intention and customer loyalty of generation Y with the mediating effect of conviction: a case of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of International Affairs. 4(2), 526-548. https://doi.org/10.52337/pjia.v4i2.207

Khan, S., Benhamed, A., Rashid, A., Rasheed, R., & Huma, Z. (2022). Effect of leadership styles on employees' performance by considering psychological capital as mediator: evidence from airlines industry in emerging economy. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 18(8). https://wasdlibrary.org/publications/journals/wjemsd/

Khan, S., Rasheed., R., & Rashid, A., Abbas, Q., & Mahboob, F. (2022). The Effect of Demographic Characteristics on Job Performance: An Empirical Study from Pakistan. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 9(2), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2022.vol9.no2.0283

Khan, S., Rashid, A., Rasheed, R., & Amirah, N. A. (2022). Designing a knowledge-based system (KBS) to study consumer purchase intention: the impact of digital influencers in Pakistan. Kybernetes, 51(1). https://doi.org/10.1108/K-06-2021-0497

Mefford, R. (2010). Offshoring, lean production and a sustainable global supply chain. European Journal of International Management, 4(3), 303-315. https://doi.org/10.1504/EJIM.2010.033006

Muzammil, M. (2022). Evaluating the Factors to Improve the Organizational Performance. South Asian Management Review, 1(1), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAMR.2022.1.1.2204

Rasheed, T. (2022). Supply Chain Sustainability Through Green Practices in Manufacturing: A Case Study from Pakistan. South Asian Journal of Operations and Logistics, 1(1), 57-71. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJOL.2022.1.1.2205

Rashid, A. & Rasheed, R. (2022). A Paradigm for Measuring Sustainable Performance Through Big Data Analytics-Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing Firms. Available at SSRN 4087758. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4087758

Rashid, A. (2016). Impact of inventory management in downstream chains on customer satisfaction at manufacturing firms. International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering, 6(6), 1-19.

Rashid, A., & Amirah, N. A. (2017). Relationship between poor documentation and efficient inventory control at Provincial Ministry of Health, Lahore. American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied Sciences, 5(6), 420-423.

Rashid, A., Amirah, N. A., & Yusof, Y. (2019). Statistical approach in exploring factors of documentation process and hospital performance: a preliminary study. American Journal of Innovative Research and Applied Sciences, 9(4), 306-310.

Rashid, A., Amirah, N. A., Yusof, Y., & Mohd, A. T. (2020). Analysis of demographic factors on perceptions of inventory managers towards healthcare performance. The Economics and Finance Letters, 7(2), 289-294. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.29.2020.72.289.294

Rashid, A., Rasheed, R., Amirah, N. A., Yusof, Y., Khan, S., & Agha, A., A. (2021). A Quantitative Perspective of Systematic Research: Easy and Step-by-Step Initial Guidelines. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(9), 2874-2883.

Shaheen, S. (2022). Quality management and operational performance: a case study from Pakistan. South Asian Journal of Operations and Logistics, 1(1), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJOL.2022.1.1.2201

Shee, H., Miah, S., Fairfield, L., & Pujawan, N. (2018). The impact of cloud-enabled process integration on supply chain performance and firm sustainability: the moderating role of top management. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 23(6), 500-517. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-09-2017-0309

Singh, M., Jawalkar, C., & Kant, S. (2019). Analysis of drivers for green supply chain management adaptation in a fertilizer industry of Punjab (India). International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 16(7), 2915-2926. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-1759-y

Smith, D., Newby, J., Malik, A., Yadav, L., & Cramb, R. (2018). Fertilizer use patterns of smallholder farmers-implications for private sector involvement in technology dissemination. School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 1(1), 1-20.

Uddin, S. Q. (2022). Supply Chain Integration, Flexibility, and Operational Performance. South Asian Management Review, 1(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAMR.2022.1.1.2202

Victory, G. O., Lizzie, O. A. & Olaitan, A. A. (2022). Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices at Oyo State-Nigeria. South Asian Journal of Social Review, 1(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAJSR.2022.1.1.2201



How to Cite

Sarang Abdullah. (2022). Lean Manufacturing and Supply Chain Performance: Lean Supply Chain. South Asian Management Review, 1(1), 67–74. https://doi.org/10.57044/SAMR.2022.1.1.2201